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Roman London

Roman London was established as a trading post in 47-50 AD, destroyed during Queen Boudica's uprising, rebuilt, and became an important trading center. Emperor Hadrian ordered a defensive wall in 122 AD. Roman London thrived until the Roman Empire began to withdraw from Britain in 410 AD and it was eventually abandoned.

Roman London was founded in 47-50 AD when the Romans invaded Britain under Emperor Claudius and established a new province. The city began as a small trading post on the Thames River but quickly grew into an important trading center as it became a hub for trade between Britain and the Roman Empire. Roman London boasted impressive public works, such as a large amphitheater, public baths, and a temple to the goddess Diana.

However, in 60-61 AD, Queen Boudica led a massive uprising against Roman rule, causing widespread destruction throughout the province. The uprising resulted in the burning of Roman London, which was left in ruins.

Despite this setback, the Romans quickly rebuilt the city and continued to use it as a hub for trade and commerce in Britain. The city's importance only grew with time, and it eventually became one of the most important cities in the Roman Empire outside of Rome itself.

However, Roman London was rebuilt by 70-80 AD and continued to grow and develop. Emperor Hadrian visited London in 122 AD and ordered the construction of a defensive wall around the city. The wall was built to protect Roman London from the northern tribes who were becoming increasingly hostile towards the Roman Empire.

Over the next few centuries, Roman London continued to thrive. New public buildings, temples, and markets were constructed, and the city became an important center of Roman culture in Britain. However, the end of Roman rule in Britain began in 410 AD, and the Roman Empire started to withdraw from Britain. Roman London was eventually abandoned and left to decay.

In conclusion, Roman London was founded shortly after Roman troops invaded Britain in 43 AD, and it grew into an important trading center until it was destroyed during Queen Boudica's uprising in 60-61 AD. However, the city was rebuilt and continued to develop over the next few centuries, until the Roman Empire began to withdraw from Britain in 410 AD, and Roman London was eventually abandoned.


Annotated Bibliography

This source provides a comprehensive overview of the history of Roman London, including a timeline of key events and descriptions of the city's development over time. The source is well-researched and provides detailed information about the city's importance as a trading center and its cultural significance in Roman Britain.

  • Milne, G. (1995). The Port of Roman London. London: Batsford.

This book provides a detailed analysis of the port of Roman London, including its layout, construction, and use over time. The book is well-researched and provides valuable insights into the importance of the port to the city's development and success as a trading center.

  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1989). Rome's Cultural Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

This book provides a broader perspective on the cultural significance of Roman London within the context of Roman Britain and the Roman Empire as a whole. The author argues that Roman London played an important role in the spread of Roman culture and ideas throughout the region, and provides evidence to support this claim.

  • Wacher, J. (1995). The Roman World. London: Routledge.

This book provides a general overview of the history and culture of the Roman Empire, including a chapter on Roman Britain and the importance of Roman London. The source is well-researched and provides valuable context for understanding the significance of Roman London within the broader historical and cultural context of the Roman Empire.


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