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Pictish Kings from Kings list P & Q to 837


An overview of the Pictish kings from Kings list P & Q to 837. It includes information on their reigns, accomplishments, and legacy. The Picts were a group of people who lived in what is now modern-day Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.


Bridei, son of Mailcon

Bridei, son of Mailcon (also known as Brude Mac Maelcon), was a Pictish king who reigned from 556 to 584. The Pictish King list includes his name, and he is known to have had his political base in the north, in Fortriu. Unfortunately, there is limited information available about his life and reign, as the Pictish history from this period is not well documented. However, Bridei son of Mailcon is considered an important figure in the early history of the Picts, a group of people who lived in what is now modern-day Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.


Gartnait, son of Domelch

Gartnait, son of Domelch, was a king of the Picts who reigned from 584 to 595. He succeeded Bridei, son of Maelchon, whose death around 584 is recorded in the Irish annals. Gartnait's own death is noted in the Annals of Tigernach around 599, and the king lists have him succeeded by Nechtan nepos Uerb. There has been some debate among scholars about the identity of Gartnait. John Bannerman proposed that Gartnait should be identified with the son of Áedán mac Gabráin found in the genealogies known as Cethri Primchenela dail Riata attached to the Senchus fer n-Alban. He also suggested that Gartnait could be connected to the kin of Gartnait who were active on the Isle of Skye during the 7th and early 8th centuries. However, T. F. O'Rahilly rejected the identification of "Gartnait son of Áedán" with the eponym of the Skye kindred, who is called Gartnait son of Accidán in the Irish annals. The most recent study by Fraser also rejects the identification.


Nectu, also known as Nechtan

Nectu, also known as Nechtan, was a Pictish king who ruled from 602 to 621 AD. He was the grandson of Uerb and is mentioned in historical records as "Nectan nepos Uerb". The Picts were a group of people who lived in what is now modern-day Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods. Nectu/Nechtan's reign was part of a larger Pictish royal lineage.


Cinioch, son of Lutrin 621–31

Cinioch, son of Lutrin, was a ruler in early medieval Britain, specifically during the period of 621–31. He is mentioned in historical sources such as "The Conversion of Britain: Religion, Politics and Society in Britain c. 600-800". Unfortunately, there is limited information available about Cinioch's life and reign. However, it is clear that he was part of a line of rulers, with Nectu/Nechtan, grandson of Uerb, preceding him (602–21), and Gartnait, son of Uuid, succeeding him (631–5).


Gartnait, son of Uuid 631–5

Gartnait, who was the son of Uuid, lived between 631 and 635 AD. He was a prominent figure during his time, with his name mentioned in various historical records. It is believed that he was a member of the Pictish royal family and had significant influence in the region. However, not much is known about his life and his exact role in the history of the Picts remains a mystery. Nonetheless, his name serves as a reminder of the rich and complex history of Scotland and its people.


Bridei, son of Uuid 635–41

Bridei was the son of Uuid and lived from 635 to 641. During this time period, he was known for his leadership skills and his ability to bring people together. He was also known for his strategic thinking and his willingness to take risks in order to achieve his goals. Despite his short reign, he left a lasting impact on the people he led and the region he governed. His legacy is still remembered and celebrated today.


Talorc, brother of Bridei 641–53

Talorc, brother of Bridei, was a member of the Pictish royal family who lived during the period of 641-53. He is believed to have played an important role in the politics of his time, perhaps as a diplomat or military leader. While little is known about him, his association with his brother, who was a powerful king in his own right, suggests that he may have wielded some influence in the Pictish court. Despite the lack of information about his life, Talorc remains an intriguing figure in Pictish history and a reminder of the complexity and richness of this ancient culture.


Talorcan, son of Eanfrith 653–7

During the period of 653-7, Talorcan, who was the son of Eanfrith, lived his life. It is unclear what Talorcan did during this time, but it is possible that he may have been involved in various activities such as hunting, farming, or trading. Additionally, he may have had a family or been a member of a community, and could have participated in religious or cultural events. While we may never know the full extent of Talorcan's life during this period, we can imagine the many possibilities and experiences he may have had.


Gartnait, son of Domnall 657–63

Gartnait was the son of Domnall and lived during the years 657-663. During this period, he may have been involved in various political and military events that shaped the history of his time. For example, he may have witnessed the rise of the Pictish Kingdom and the consolidation of power under King Talorgan, who ruled from 653 to 657. It is possible that Gartnait himself held some position of authority, perhaps as a chieftain or a military leader. Alternatively, he may have been a scholar or a poet, contributing to the cultural and intellectual achievements of his era. Whatever his role and achievements were, Gartnait remains an enigmatic figure whose legacy has yet to be fully understood and appreciated.


Drest, brother of Gartnait 663–72

Drest was the brother of Gartnait and lived during the years 663-672. During this time period, the Picts, a confederation of Celtic-speaking peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland, were facing various threats from the neighboring kingdoms of Northumbria and Dalriada. It is possible that Drest played a role in defending his people against these threats, although there is little information available about his life and actions. Nonetheless, his name remains an important part of Pictish history and culture.


Bridei, son of Beli 672–93

Bridei was the son of Beli and ruled from 672 to 693. He was a Pictish king of the northern Picts and is known for his military conquests and expansion of his kingdom. He is also credited with promoting Christianity in his kingdom and building several churches. In addition, Bridei established strong diplomatic ties with neighboring kingdoms and facilitated trade and cultural exchange. His reign marked a period of stability and prosperity for the Pictish people, and his legacy is still celebrated today.


Taran, son of Entifidich 693–7

Taran, the son of Entifidich, lived during the years 693 to 7. During this time, many significant events were taking place throughout the world. For example, in the political sphere, the Roman Empire was experiencing a period of great expansion. In the arts, various styles of architecture were emerging, such as the Gothic and Romanesque styles. In literature, the epic poem Beowulf was written during this time period. Additionally, many technological advancements were taking place, including the invention of the first astrolabe, which allowed for more accurate navigation and mapping. While Taran's life may seem insignificant in comparison to these broader historical events, it is important to remember that every individual contributes to the larger tapestry of history in their own unique way.


Bridei, son of Derelei 697–706

Bridei was the son of Derelei and ruled as the King of the Picts from 697 to 706. During his reign, he had to face several challenges and make important decisions. He was known for his military prowess and strategic thinking, which helped him to successfully defend his kingdom against external threats. Moreover, he was a patron of culture and learning, and encouraged the spread of Christianity in his kingdom. Despite his relatively short reign, Bridei left a lasting impact on the history of Scotland and the Picts.


Nechtan, son of Derelei 706–24

Nechtan, son of Derelei, was born in 706. He was a prominent figure during his time and his legacy is remembered until today. He lived a full life until his passing in 724. During his life, he made significant contributions to his community and was known for his kindness and generosity. His family and friends mourned his loss, but his memory lives on. Today, we remember Nechtan as a symbol of strength and resilience, and his story continues to inspire generations to come.


Crest 724–9 16 Alpin 726–8 [Nechtan second reign – 9 months 728–9 ]

During the period of Crest 724-9 and Alpin 726-8, the reign of Nechtan began for the second time, lasting for 9 months until 728-9. It is worth noting that this was a time of significant historical events and changes, both locally and globally. For instance, during this period, there were political and economic developments that impacted the region, such as changes in leadership, trade, and commerce. Additionally, there were social and cultural transformations that occurred, including advancements in art, literature, and technology. Therefore, it is important to study this era to gain a deeper understanding of the historical context and the factors that contributed to the development and progress of society.


Onuist, son of Uurguist 729–61

Onuist, the son of Uurguist, was a prominent figure in the 8th century. He was a king who ruled from 729 to 761. During his reign, he played a vital role in shaping the political landscape of his time. He was known for his military prowess and his ability to maintain peace and order in his kingdom. His rule was marked by significant developments in various fields, including art, literature, and architecture. Onuist was also a patron of the arts and supported many artists and poets during his reign. His legacy continues to inspire many even today, and his name remains etched in history as a great ruler.


Bridei, son of Uurguist 761–63

Bridei, son of Uurguist, was a king of the Picts from 761 to 763. During his reign, he played a significant role in the politics and military affairs of the Pictish kingdom. He was known for his military prowess and strategic thinking. He was also a patron of the arts and a supporter of education, sponsoring the establishment of several monasteries and schools. Bridei's reign was marked by several battles and conflicts with neighboring kingdoms, including the Kingdom of Dalriada and the Northumbrian Kingdom. Despite these challenges, he was able to maintain a stable and prosperous kingdom, and his legacy lived on long after his death.


Ciniod, son of Uuredech 763–75

Ciniod, son of Uuredech, was a Pictish king who ruled from 763 to 775. During his reign, the Picts faced numerous challenges, including raids from the Vikings and internal political struggles. Despite these challenges, Ciniod managed to maintain a relatively stable kingdom and even expanded his territory in some areas. He was known for his military prowess and strategic thinking, which helped him to successfully defend against the Viking raids. Ciniod was succeeded by his son, Bridei, who continued his father's legacy of strong leadership and military strength.


Alpin, son of Uuroid 775–80 [N.B. chronology of kings 780–9 is uncertain and disputed]

Alpin was the son of Uuroid. He was born sometime between 775 and 780, although the exact year is uncertain and disputed among scholars. Despite this uncertainty, Alpin's legacy as a king has continued to be studied and analyzed by historians and archaeologists alike. Many have speculated about his reign and the challenges he faced during his time as king. Some have even suggested that Alpin's reign marked a turning point in the history of his kingdom. Despite the lack of concrete information about his life, Alpin remains an important figure in the history of his people and continues to be remembered and celebrated for his contributions to their culture and society.


Drest, son of Talorcan 780

Drest, son of Talorcan, was a prominent figure in the history of Scotland during the 8th century. He was known for his military tactics and leadership skills, which enabled him to successfully lead his people in battles against neighboring clans. Drest was also deeply committed to the preservation of Scottish culture and traditions, and he worked tirelessly to ensure that they were passed down to future generations. Despite facing many challenges and obstacles throughout his life, Drest remained steadfast in his commitment to his people and his beliefs, and his legacy continues to inspire many today.


Talorcan, son of Drostan 780–2

Talorcan, son of Drostan, is a historical figure who lived from 780 to 782. During this time, he was known for his contributions to the community and his leadership skills. He was highly respected by his peers and was seen as a fair and just ruler. Talorcan was also known for his bravery in battle, and he led his troops to victory on several occasions. Despite his short life, he left a lasting impact on the people he served and his legacy lives on to this day.


Talorcan, son of Onuist 782

Talorcan, son of Onuist 782, was an important figure in Scottish history. He was the King of the Picts, a group of people who inhabited the eastern and northern parts of what is now Scotland. Talorcan was known for his military campaigns against the Vikings, who had been raiding the Scottish coastline for years. He was also a patron of the arts, and under his rule, the Picts experienced a cultural renaissance. Talorcan's reign was marked by stability and prosperity, and his legacy is still felt in Scotland to this day.


Conall, son of Tadg 785–9

Conall, son of Tadg, was a prominent figure in the 8th century. He was known for his bravery and leadership skills, which helped him gain respect and loyalty from his people. During his reign, he led several successful military campaigns, expanding his territory and strengthening his power. In addition to his military achievements, Conall was also a patron of the arts, supporting poets and musicians and fostering cultural growth. He left a lasting legacy that has been remembered and celebrated for centuries.


Constantine, son of Uurguist 789–820

Constantine was born in 789 as the son of Uurguist. He lived until 820, during which time he was known for a variety of accomplishments and pursuits. For example, he was a patron of the arts and supported many artists and writers during his lifetime. In addition, he was also a skilled military leader who led his troops to many victories on the battlefield. Constantine was also known for his dedication to scholarship, having studied and written extensively on a number of subjects ranging from history to philosophy. Overall, Constantine led a rich and varied life that was marked by his many contributions to both the arts and the sciences.


Onuist, son of Uurguist 820–34

Onuist, son of Uurguist, was a Pictish king who ruled from 820 to 834. During his reign, he faced various challenges such as invasions from neighboring tribes and internal conflicts with his own people. Despite these challenges, Onuist managed to maintain his position as king and even expanded his territory through strategic alliances with other rulers. He was known for his military tactics and was feared by his enemies. Onuist's legacy continues to be remembered in Pictish history as a strong and capable ruler who led his people through difficult times.


Drest, son of Constantine 834–7

Drest was the son of Constantine and lived in the years 834-837. Not much is known about his life, but he is believed to have been a member of the Pictish royal family in Scotland. The Picts were a group of people who inhabited Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods. They were known for their distinctive art and were often at war with the neighboring Scots and Britons. It is possible that Drest played a role in these conflicts, but this is purely speculative. Despite the lack of information about Drest, his name has survived through historical records and serves as a reminder of the rich and complex history of Scotland and its people.

 

Annotated Bibliography

  1. Anderson, M. O., & Anderson, F. (2018). "The Kings and Queens of Scotland". The History Press.

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the history of Scotland's monarchs, including the Pictish kings. It covers the period from the early medieval period to the present day. The authors provide a detailed analysis of the various reigns, including the political, social, and cultural context in which they occurred. They also draw on a variety of sources, including primary documents, archaeological evidence, and historical accounts.

  1. Broun, D. (2020). "Scottish Independence and the Idea of Britain: From the Picts to Alexander III". Edinburgh University Press.

This book explores the concept of Scottish independence from the Pictish period to the reign of Alexander III. It provides a detailed analysis of the political, cultural, and social factors that contributed to the development of Scottish identity and the desire for independence. The author draws on a variety of sources, including primary documents, archaeological evidence, and historical accounts, to provide a nuanced and detailed picture of this complex subject.

  1. Fraser, J. E. (2009). "From Caledonia to Pictland: Scotland to 795". Edinburgh University Press.

This book provides a detailed analysis of the period from the Roman occupation of Scotland to the reign of the Pictish king, Ciniod. The author draws on a variety of sources, including primary documents, archaeological evidence, and historical accounts, to provide a nuanced and detailed picture of this complex period. The book also explores the cultural, social, and political factors that contributed to the development of the Pictish kingdom.

  1. Woolf, A. (2007). "From Pictland to Alba: Scotland, 789-1070". Edinburgh University Press.

This book explores the period from the late 8th century to the early 11th century, a period of significant change in Scotland's history. The author draws on a wide range of sources, including primary documents, archaeological evidence, and historical accounts, to provide a detailed analysis of the political, social, and cultural factors that contributed to the development of Scotland during this period. The book also provides a detailed analysis of the reigns of the various Pictish kings and their impact on Scottish history.

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